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Training your dog - A few Quadrants of Operant Conditioning - What They Are and How They are utilised singapore dog trainer

Like people, dogs are motivated by gain and avoid pain. Hence, to train a dog, reinforcements or punishments can be used.

So What Are Reinforcements and Punishments?

Reinforcements are any situation that boosts the odds of a dog repeating a specific behaviour. Similarly, punishments are something that cuts down on probability of a behaviour being repeated.

What might not be too clear though is there's two forms of reinforcements and therefore, 2 types of punishments. Here's why...

A few Quadrants of Operant Conditioning

To boost your pet dog for a certain behavior, you can have something it likes (e.g. a goody) or takeaway something it does not like (e.g. an aversive). Each way, the dog is rewarded to repeat the behaviour. The former is called positive reinforcement (R+) and the latter negative reinforcement (R-). singapore dog trainer Also to punish a puppy for bad behaviour in order to reduce the chance of the dog repeating that behaviour, it is possible to administer something your new puppy does not like (e.g. physical punishment) or simply eliminate something it likes (e.g. a withdrawal of privilege say in the form of a time out). The first sort in cases like this is named positive punishment (P+) and the latter negative punishment (P-).

As you can seen from your above examples, the phrase good and bad is just used to indicate if something has been administered or revoked. And also, since you are able to reinforce or punish your dog with the addition of or taking away things, we end up with 2 distinct forms of reinforcements and punishments each or even in short, a few Quadrants of Operant Conditioning. singapore dog trainer Types of several Quadrants Getting used in Training your dog

Listed here are common samples of several quadrants in action during dog training:

Positive Reinforcement (R+): Asking a dog to sit and giving it a delicacy when it sits

Negative Reinforcement (R-): When teaching a dog to retrieve, to pinch the dog's ear (aversive) and releasing it (removing aversive) only once the dog retrieves the item.

Positive Punishment (P+): Employing a leash pop to correct your dog on an undesirable behaviour.

Negative Punishment (P-): Each time a dog is happily having fun with another dog, to Instituting an occasion out by subtracting a puppy to a boring corner (depriving them of play time) the second it is too rough or aggressive (undesirable behaviour)

Clicker Vs Compulsion Dog Trainers and the way they will use a few Quadrants

Clicker and the other positive rewards based trainers generally apply a lot of R+ within their training. On rare occasions where punishment is essential, they typically administer P-. In clicker training, dogs are likely to be created to succeed, giving trainers the chance to mark, reward and reinforce desired behaviours. Such training is thus generally termed as more humane and dog friendly. dog training Conversely compulsion trainers focus a lot on using P+ and R- to have the job finished. Dogs have reached times deliberately created to get some things wrong, giving the trainer the chance to correct your dog. Hence the term correction and compulsion can be associated with such way of dog training.